The real Sardinian essence is to be found in the close bound between land and inhabitants.
Who would like to find out secluded spots in Sardinian, has no difficulties to find uncontaminated spaces, empty beaches and hard lands. But itís necessary to meet people and their culture to deeply understand what this island is. Through these few pages we are going to propose a travel around the "environment", which deeply touches job, history and culture.
Sardinia is the second Mediterranean island both for extent and for density of population. It can be considered a sort of mini-continent, because of its historical isolation, in which it has lived. It is marked by a huge of best kept naturalistic environments.
Its surface is about 24.089 Km2, including also the myriad smaller islands, which surround it. (The biggest are: San Pietro and SantíAntioco in the south, and LíAsinara, La Maddalena, and Caprera in the north. The territory of the island is mostly hilly, but there are two large plains: the Campidano and the Nurra. The highest top is the Gennargentu, other mountainous groups are the Marghine one and the Goceano one.
Isolated massifs are in every areas of the island. In the part of Cagliari the are the following mountains: Limbara Moutain, Serpeddi Cape and Sette Fratelli, in the region of Sulcis. In province of Oristano there are Ferru di Cuglieri and Arci mountain. In the province of Nuoro there is MontíAlbo.
The Sardinian rivers are mostly torrential. The most important are: Tirso, Coghinas, Flumendosa, Temo and Cedrino.
There are a only one natural lake, the Baratz lake and many artificial pottings among these: Omodeo sul Tirso lake, Coghinas lake, the lake of upper and middle Flumendosa.
From a naturalistic point of view very important are the coastal pods, which are located in many different area of this region.
Sardinian shores are divided into two kinds: the falaise, prevalently calcareous, and the granitic and basaltics ones, which are generally less tall and often hard to get at. Cliffs are interposed by beaches, sometimes very big, often located near the mouths of rivers and streams. The climate, typically Mediterranean is characterized by hot dry summers and warm winters. Rains mostly, concentrated during the winter are more frequent in the north and on the west side. On average sunny days are 200-230 during the year.
One of the most important consequences of Sardinian isolation is the preservation of many naturalistic aspects which are disappeared elsewhere. We mention the marvelous pods, a real paradise for naturalists, the rare animals and endemic plants; actually the whole Sardinian landscape has kept a primordial aspect: in fact man hasnít changed nature, but he has became part of it.